Lighting Related Research

Please submit links to additional research that should be listed in the comments section below.


Light Pollution and its Energy Loss by Isobe

The World Atlas of the Artificial Night Sky Brightness

Redefining efficiency for outdoor lighting by Kyba, Hänel & Hölker

UK Select Committee on Science and Technology

DOE 2010 US Market Lighting Characterization

NRDC Guide to Energy Efficient Light Bulbs

Roadway/Street Lighting

Tale of Four Cities – Nancy Clanton/Ron Gibbons

RP-8 Advances in the application of roadway lighting – Ron Gibbons

Adaptive Roadway Lighting by DMD

Pedestrian Friendly Nighttime Lighting


The effect of reduced street lighting on road casualties and crime in England and Wales

Outdoor Lighting and Crime by Clark

Chicago Alley Lighting Project

NHTSA Report on Senior Driving Safety

Recommendations for energy efficient and visually acceptable street lighting by Kostica & Djokicb

Feeling Safe in the Dark: Examining the Effect of Entrapment, Lighting Levels, and Gender on Feelings of Safety and Lighting Policy Acceptability by Boomsma, & Steg

Road lighting and energy saving by Boyce, Fotios, & Richards

Environmental interventions to reduce fear of crime: systematic review of effectiveness by Lorenc et al

Evaluating area-wide crime-reduction measures by Marchant

Concept of Intelligent Solid-State Street Lighting Technology by Vitta

Effects of road lighting: an analysis based on Dutch accident statistics 1987-2006 by Wanvik

A Demonstration That the Claim That Brighter Lighting Reduces Crime Is Unfounded by Marchant


The Ecological Effects of Artificial Night Lighting” by Longcore/Moore

“Seeing Blue” by IDA

Street Lighting Disturbs Commuting Bats by Stone

Light pollution as a biodiversity threat by Hölker, Wolter, Perkin, & Tockner

The economics of global light pollution by Gallaway, Olsen, Mitchell

Aerial survey and spatial analysis of sources of light pollution in Berlin, Germany by Kuechly, Kyba, Ruhtz, Lindemann, Wolter, Fischer, & Hölker

The effects of artificial lighting on adult aquatic and terrestrial insects by Perkin, Hölker, & Tockner

Phosphor-converted LEDs with low circadian action for outdoor lighting by Zabiliute, Vaicekauskas, Vitta, & Zukauskas

Firelight LED Source: Toward a Balanced Approach to the Performance of Solid-State Lighting for Outdoor Environments by Zukauskas et al

Individual-based measurements of light intensity provide new insights into the effects of artificial light at night on daily rhythms of urban-dwelling songbirds by Dominoni et al

Light Pollution and Its Effect on the Environment by Bashiri

Artificial Light at Night (ALAN) Research Literature Database

National Parks Service Outdoor Lighting Retrofits Guide

Human Health

Circadian Rhythms of Gut Microbes Tied to Obesity

Reading a biological clock in the dark by Elinav, Segal and Zeevi

Jet lag can cause obesity by disrupting the daily rhythms of gut microbes by Elinav

Breast cancer and circadian disruption from electric lighting in the modern world by Stevens, Brainard, Blask, Lockley & Motta

Light-at-night, circadian disruption and breast cancer: assessment of existing evidence by Stevens

Missing the Dark: Health Effects of Light Pollution by Chepesiuk

Limiting the impact of light pollution on human health, environment and stellar visibility by Falchi, Cinzano, Elvidge, Keith, & Haim

Does Disruption of Circadian Rhythms Contribute to Beta-Cell Failure in Type 2 Diabetes? by Rakshit, Thomas, & Matveyenko

Circadian Disruption by Light at Night: Implications for Mood by Bedrosian


Human and Animal Vision by Erichsen & Woodhouse

The Human Visual System by Vakken

Eyes and adjusting to the dark by

Visual System on Wikipedia

Perceived outdoor lighting quality (POLQ): A lighting assessment tool by Johansson, Pedersen, Maleetipwan-Mattsson, Kuhn, & Laike

Solid-state lighting for the International Space Station: Tests of visual performance and melatonin regulation by Brainard et al

Predicting discomfort glare caused by LED road lights by Lin et al

Reducing global lumens